Water issues are complex, controversial and extremely
This investigation focuses on how various water agencies are
planning for the future. It looks at five water agencies in the county: the
City of Santa Cruz Water Department and the City of
The City of
The City of
Soquel Creek Water District is likewise suffering from
seawater intrusion in its wells. It is also taking more water than can be
replenished from its underground aquifer. The district has responded with
several innovative programs to decrease water use. A new water supply is still
needed. The district has investigated sharing water from the City of
Central Water District serves a portion of the Aptos area and has adequate water to serve its primarily rural residential customers. It expects to have plenty of water for the future, unless the Santa Cruz County Board of Supervisors increases the density for development in the area.
The Pajaro Valley Water Management Agency is in charge of
agricultural water use in the
afy: acre-feet per year. An acre-foot is 325,829 gallons or enough water to cover an acre of land one foot deep with water.
Basin Management Plan (BMP): a two-phase study that resulted in a long-range management plan to maintain water levels in the water basin
Buildout: when an area reaches maximum growth capacity according to its General Plan
cf: cubic feet
Fire service connection: a fire service meter connected to a residence used by the fire department in case of a fire
gpa: gallons per acre
gpd: gallons per day
mg: million gallons
Overdraft mode: when groundwater withdrawal from a basin exceeds the sustainable groundwater supply
Primary Groundwater Recharge: a zoning ordinance restricting development to a minimum of ten acres
Proposition 13: In March 2000, California voters approved Proposition 13 (2000 Water Bond), which authorized the State of California to sell $1.97 billion in general obligation bonds to support safe drinking water, water quality, flood protection and water reliability projects throughout the state.
PVWMA: Pajaro Valley Water Management Agency
Recharge system: porous soil that allows water to filter back into groundwater aquifers
Seawater intrusion: when water from the ocean invades coastal wells
Static level: when the height of water in a well reaches the level of the surrounding water table
This investigation examines how several local water agencies are planning for future water needs.